paper that meets these requirements.
1) Resources for the paper should be presented in the paper using Vancouver style. This is the
standard reference style for scientific papers. adopted by the National Library of Medicine. A guide to
using Vancouver style is available at this link: [url removed, login to view]
Make sure that references used to find information on current treatment and understanding of the disease
are recent (i.e, don’t rely on a paper from 1990 to find information about HIV treatment: our knowledge of
disease and how it is treated had changed radically since then). Information on infectious diseases
changes rapidly. Always ensure that your information is up to date.
a. If you find information on Wikipedia and plan to use it in the research paper, back it up
with the same information from another source. You cannot rely solely on
Wikipedia and I will not accept Wikipedia as your source.
[url removed, login to view] references must be the original source of the information. I won’t accept a search
engine URL (such as Google or Bing) as the reference.
c. Your references must be for the actual web page where you found the information, not just
the home page of the site. So [url removed, login to view] is not sufficient as a reference: it must be
the actual CDC page where you found the information.
2)You must write the paper in your own words. This is essential to demonstrate to me that you
understood the information you researched. You may not cut and paste descriptions of a
disease or micro-organism into your paper. You may not have more than 10% of your
paper in direct quotes, and anything you do quote must be represented as a quote by
putting it in quotes and providing the source. All papers will be tested for plagiarism
before I grade them.
3) The paper should be between 10-12 pages long with references. This means that I expect the
paper to be that long with 10 pages of text and one or two pages of references. A cover page
will not be counted as one of the pages. Don't put long bullet point lists in or huge
margins or pictures to make the paper seem longer. I will not accept this. Papers handed in
that are excessively short will be marked down.
4)Papers should be in 12 point font, with double spacing and 1 inch margins.
5) These are the sections that should be in each paper. Please ensure that your paper is organized
into chapters with these headings. I assign points to each section so if your paper is not
organized in this way and I have to go searching to see if you have covered the right information,
I may miss it and you will lose points:
a. History of the disease, including any significant issues that have occurred that impact how
the disease or its treatments are perceived. In this section cover any relevant historical
points regardless of where in the world they occurred. An example of this would be that a
paper on HIV would cover issues in Africa and Asia mostly, but the history section would
cover the early stigma and bias leading to negative associations with the homosexual
community in the public perception;
b. Description of the pathogen (is it a virus, bacterium, etc., what kind, what family does it
belong to, etc.);
c. Description of how the pathogen causes harm in the human (or animal) body. In this
section I want to to know how the pathogen is contracted, what it does to the body, how
the immune system responds and what the outward symptoms are;
d. Current treatments and any issues relevant to treatment (what they are, what they cost,
side effects, access/delivery problems in some regions, etc.)
e.Socio-cultural issues that impact the disease (lack of education, stigma, fragile or vulnerable populations, specific cultural or regional practices that affect how the disease
is spread, prevented or treated, etc.)
[url removed, login to view] and Public health impacting either the spread, treatment or outreach around the
disease. Don’t confuse policy and public health interventions; they are intertwined but
not the same. For example the goal of having malaria cases reduced by 20% by 2020 is
a policy goal supported by a policy of funding local malaria interventions, but the local
intervention of selling bed nets for $1 is a public health measure that is brought about by
the policy. I want to see both policy and public health interventions covered;
[url removed, login to view] may reference the situation in the US or Europe but you must provide me with a good
understanding of the situation in a different region that you select (sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, South America). For instance, if you are doing a paper on HIV, I do want to read
about the history of the disease and the US will be relevant in the history section and also
in the global policy section but I especially want to learn from you about the problems and approaches in a developing part of the world since these will be quite different from the
h. Any impact on the disease or its re-emergence that might be related to global warming,
over-population, bio-terrorism, etc. (this can be a very short paragraph and may not be
applicable to all diseases)
i. References (remember for your references use Vancouver style)
6)If you are concerned about the information needed in the research paper, we will cover all of these
topics in class and if you plan your assignments accordingly, you will be doing a lot of prep work
for the paper along the way.
7) Do not paste photographs, pictures, graphs, bullet lists or other filler into the paper. I want
text that describes the disease you researched, again, in your own words.
8) If you choose to do a concept map, you must create it yourself, do not cut and paste one from the
Web into the paper. Concept maps are optional.
9) Remember, the topic must be an infectious disease from the approved list: ask me if you are
not clear about this
10) Any confusion, please ask me.
Please print out these research paper requirements and use them as you do your research.
Papers that are missing any of the sections outlined above (except for global warming/bioterror) will be
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