I am posting this project to get bullet points to answer each questions. Enough to write a couple paragraphs with. If you have read this before or can read the this fast then this is for you. Please make it easy to understand. Project due in 10 hours.
1. At the end of Meditations, the meditator concludes that “the hyperbolic doubts of the last few days ought to be rejected as ludicrous” (p. 58). If they’re “ludicrous,” why did he propose them in the first place? In other words, explain the purpose of the hyperbolic doubt introduced in the first Meditation. Your response should explain why the Evil Genius thought experiment suits this purpose better than standard, less radical, doubts about the reliability of the senses. (You do not need to talk about Meditation 6 in order to address this question – though you can if you’d like to.)
2. The meditator tries to demonstrate God’s existence several times in the Meditations (in Meditation 3 and again in Meditation 5). Why does he believe he needs to do this? What role does the knowledge of God’s existence play in his project? Please explain his reasoning.
3. At the end of Meditation 4, the meditator writes, “Today I have learned not merely what I must avoid so as never to make a mistake, but at the same time what I must do to attain truth” (p. 42). Please explain the main lesson that he has learned. Your explanation should describe the relationship between the intellect (= understanding) and the will (= judgment). Then explain why this lesson is important for the project of the Meditations as a whole.
4. In the Synopsis of the Meditations, Descartes writes that in Meditation 6, “the mind is proved to be [a] really distinct from the body, even though [b] the mind is shown to be so closely joined to the body that it forms a single unit with it” (p. 10). In your own words, please explain what he means here. What is he saying about the mind-body relation in Meditation 6? Note that says two distinct things about this relation. Your answer should explain both.